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Tobacco Products Overview

Friday, April 19th, 2013

Tobacco Plant Tobacco products are being chewed, snuffed, and mainly smoked all over the world. People have been using tobacco products for hundreds of years. Tobacco is also cultivated in numerous regions. Traditionally from the Americas, ever since 1492 it has spread all over. These days, tobacco is cultivated in more than 100 countries.

No other product has aroused such a huge demand for tobacco as much as the cigarette. Until eventually the 1870s, cigarettes were mostly handmade. Currently, they are made by special machines. With the help of these machines, which can create hundreds or even thousands of sticks per minute, cigarettes have grown to be an item of mass usage. With time, cigarettes have become the major tobacco product. Now, more than 80 % of tobacco cultivated is utilized for cigarettes. The world market for cigarettes is led by a lower and continuously decreasing amount of providers.

It is important to differentiate cigarettes from smokeless tobacco. Smokeless tobacco is tobacco that is used in an unburned form. The key sorts of smokeless tobacco are considered snuff and chewing tobacco. Snuff is powdered tobacco that is often inhaled through the nose or just smoked in a usual manner. It is famous in the United States and in Scandinavia. Plug, loose-leaf and twist are the main kinds of chewing tobacco utilized in Western Europe and North America but their use is decreasing. Pan chewing is mostly famous in South and South-East Asia.

Cigarettes are the most preferred variety of smoking tobacco. They can be either with or without filter, but the majority of them are sold with filter-tips. They are generally machine produced, but an essential sub-market grouped is made up of Roll-Your-Own (RYO) cigarettes.

Bidis are famous in India, where bidis are sold eight times more than cigarettes; however sales of cigarettes are growing more and more swiftly. Bidis are made of a smaller quantity of tobacco twisted in temburni leaf and tied up with a small thread.

Cheroots are little cigars produced of thick tobacco; they have no cover and consist of an individual binder. Kreteks are indigenous cheroots possessing tobacco, cloves and cocoa. Kreteks are very famous in Indonesia, where four times as much kreteks as cigarettes are being manufactured.

Cigars come in numerous shapes and sizes from once similar to king size cigarettes as cigarillos to double coronas.

And finally, shisha smoking is one of the oldest ways of smoking tobacco. Pipes are smoked all over the world but they vary in size, shape and substance used. Particular water pipes permit several people to indulge simultaneously the same pipe.

Tobacco Production and Trade

Friday, March 29th, 2013

Tobacco Production

Asia, at about 60 % of the total, is the major tobacco manufacturing region with China only owing about 36 %. The shares of India, South America (primarily Brazil), and mainly Africa (Zimbabwe, Malawi) have not ceased growing. The share of Europe (which includes Eastern Europe) decreased and that of the US continued to be similar.

Cigarette manufacturers intensively use of domestic tobaccos. However, about 30 % of world tobacco manufacture is traded throughout the world. There are a number of factors for this. First, particular big tobacco cultivating countries as Malawi, Zimbabwe and Tanzania produce a small number of tobacco products of their own. Second, certain significant cigarette and cigar making countries do not cultivate any tobacco locally. The Netherlands one of the world’s major cigarette and cigar exporters is one of them. Others like Japan, Germany or Russia do not manufacture sufficient to meet demand. A third cause is that the majority of cigarettes sold these days are mixed cigarettes that mean they possess a blend of diverse tobaccos. A small number of cigarette making countries cultivate all of these tobaccos.

The majority of cigarettes are currently consumed and manufactured in Asia. This is not a big surprise taking into account the region’s large share of world population. Within Asia, China alone creates 30 % of world overall. The growing share of Asia has occurred at the cost of Europe and North America, which observed their share of the world total decrease.

In China, local demand for cigarettes is mainly fulfilled by domestic manufacturing. Official numbers reveal that the country trades virtually nothing. Exports and imports constitute less than 2 % of the national need or production. India is situated in an identical situation.

In some other countries, local demand is also primarily fulfilled by local production but, on top of that, they are significant exporters. The United States is a very good example. It imports very few cigarettes, but it exports 1/3 of its production. It is the world’s major exporter, owning more than 20 % of world exports. Exports became gradually more significant for US producers in the 1980s when local demand began its long decrease. In the late 1990s, however, US manufacturers of cigarettes came to deal with severe problems when cigarette exports became weaker at a time when local demand was affected by the price boosts following the Master Settlement Agreement.

The last group is composed of countries that depend on a great extent on imports to meet the domestic demand. Illustrations are Russia, Japan and several countries in the Middle East which do not have any manufacturing of their own.

More Info:
http://www.ttb.gov/tobacco/tobacco-faqs.shtml
https://www.lib.umn.edu/bell/tradeproducts/tobacco
http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/economics/econ_facts/

Tighter Cigarette Store Regulations, Utah Senate Decision

Monday, March 5th, 2012

buy karelia cigaretteAnyone under the age of 19 would be prohibited from entering a store that specializes in tobacco products under a bill that has passed the Utah Senate. Republican Rep. Paul Ray of Clearfield says anyone under 19 would also not be allowed to purchase tobacco paraphernalia such as pipes or hookahs. State law currently bans those under 19 from purchasing tobacco products.

Ray says he is sponsoring House Bill 95 because of a concern about smoke shops illegally selling the synthetic drug known as spice.

The Senate passed the bill Thursday 17-7. It will go to Gov. Gary Herbert if the House approves amendments made by a committee.

Opponents of the bill question the need for stricter regulations on all smoke shops just because some stores are selling spice illegally.

San Diego Smoke-Free Housing

Monday, February 13th, 2012

buy camel cigaretteA City Council committee will receive a proposed ordinance this week to ban smoking in housing complexes if the smoker is asked to stop by another resident, according to documents displayed on the city’s website.

The proposal comes from the San Diego Smoke-Free Housing Task Force, made up of groups such as Social Advocates for Youth San Diego (SAY), the American Lung Association, Communities Against Substance Abuse, the Environmental Health Association and a tenant advocacy group.

The task force was formed three years ago after SAY San Diego brought a similar proposal to the Public Safety and Neighborhood Services Committee.

The proposed ordinance has been reviewed by the City Attorney’s Office, and is opposed by two landlord groups that also are part of the task force, according to a city report.

The draft text of the ordinance state the dangers of tobacco products and proposes to ban smoking in apartments and condos if it “substantially interferes with another person’s use, comfort and/or enjoyment of that multifamily property.”

Complaints about violations would need to be made in writing to the landlord, who then would be required to issue as many as three verbal warnings and a written directive to stop smoking before beginning eviction proceedings, according to the proposal.

The law, if passed, would also allow residents and the city attorney to bring civil lawsuits.

The committee is scheduled to consider the item on Wednesday afternoon.

Ban on Cigarette Machines

Thursday, February 2nd, 2012

high quality camel cigarettesPubs and clubs face hefty fines from today if they are caught info/experts-reviewers-of-top-selling-cigarette-brands from vending machines. A new law has come into force, making it illegal to sell cigarettes or any other tobacco products from machines to anyone, regardless of their age. The new legislation, introduced by the Welsh Government, will also mean that while the machines can remain on site, all tobacco advertisements on them must be removed or covered up so they are no longer visible.

Trading standards officers from Swansea, Neath Port Talbot and Carmarthenshire councils have been visiting pubs, clubs and other venues to provide advice.

Swansea Council cabinet member for the environment, Councillor John Hague said: “The new legislation should tackle the problem of children getting hold of cigarettes and reduce the availability in general.

“Anything that can reduce the availability of cigarettes and improve the health and wellbeing of children and adults is very welcome.”

Businesses selling cigarettes from a machine could be fined up to £2,500.

But if a vending machine is found to still be displaying advertising, the business could be fined up to £5,000 and the owner could face up to two years in prison.

The new law is aimed primarily at tackling the number of underage children who use vending machines to buy cigarettes — 10 per cent of smokers aged 11 to 15 say the machines are their usual source of tobacco.

Respond

Neath Port Talbot’s principal trading standards officer Steve Adie said: “We have provided information and will respond to any complaints we receive.

“If anyone sees cigarettes being sold in vending machines and lets us know, we will investigate.”

Carmarthenshire Council has welcomed the new law.

Executive board member for health and social care Pat Jones said: “This will help to reduce the availability and use of tobacco, which in turn should reduce the incidence of diseases that are linked to the smoking of tobacco.”

The Missouri’s Cigarettes Tax Failed

Wednesday, January 25th, 2012

tax free marlboro cigarettesMembers of the Missouri General Assembly are pushing to up the state’s cigarette tax, which is an effort that has been defeated twice in the past decade.

Missouri’s 17-cent cigarette tax is the lowest in the country, with the national average being $1.46 per pack. State Rep. Mary Still, D-Columbia, has proposed a bill to increase the cigarette tax to 89 cents per pack, which could bring in $400 million for education. The tax would also apply to other tobacco products.

Earlier this month, state Sen. John Lamping, R-Ladue, filed legislation to increase Missouri’s cigarette tax to 43 cents per pack.

Attempts to raise Missouri’s cigarette tax failed in 2002 and 2006 statewide votes, gaining 49 percent of the vote each time.

In 2002, legislators proposed a 2.75-cent tax increase per cigarette and a 20 percent increase to other tobacco products. If passed, the measure would have generated an extra $342 million, according to an October 2002 article in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

Similarly, in 2006, lawmakers tried to add a 4-cent tax increase to each cigarette and a 20 percent tax increase to other tobacco products. The tax hike would have brought in about $351 million, which would have been earmarked for anti-smoking and health care programs, according to a November 2006 article in the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.

No More Negotiated Cigarette Sales

Monday, January 9th, 2012

tax free cigarettes onlineThe Bureau of Internal Revenue plans to bid out the controversial stamp security system for tobacco products within the first half of the year as it aims to curb smuggling of cigarettes into the country.

BIR Commissioner Kim Henares told reporters the bureau would prepare the terms governing the eligibility of interested parties for its plan to acquire a technology to ensure every pack of cigarette pays the right taxes.

“The [terms], the bidding and the award [of the said contract] will all take place within the first half of the year,” Henares said.

“We would do a straight procurement via public bidding. No more negotiated sale.”

PMFTC Inc., the country’s dominant cigarette maker, has been aggressively offering to shoulder the cost of the stamp tax scheme on tobacco products, offering the technology that is used in monitoring the sale and distribution of its own products.

But Henares said the bureau was not comfortable with PMFTC, which controls roughly 90 percent of the local tobacco market, monitoring and levying excise tax on cigarettes, adding it would raise the issue of “conflict of interest.”

She said five other companies, most of them foreign, had already signified an interest to participate in the bidding.

She declined to identify the companies, saying they had yet to apply and participate in the bidding.

She said the BIR would strictly take into account the technology that would be introduced, the security features and the lowest cost for the government in awarding the contract.

Switzerland-based Sicpa Products Security SA made an unsolicited bid to the previous administration to put in place a security stamp tax that would be attached to every cigarette pack in the country. The proposal was eventually shot down amid controversies as to the legality and costs of the technology.

Canada, Morocco and Venezuela use Sicpa stamp tax technology for the monitoring and tracking of tobacco products.

China-based conglomerate Huagong Tech Co. Ltd. also submitted a proposal to provide a technology solution that would curb the smuggling of cigarettes and safeguard revenue collections from tobacco products.

Huagong said it could offer the technology to the government at a much lower cost than Sicpa’s P0.52 and PMFTC’s P0.10.

“The bidding would strictly pertain to the technology that will be used on cigarette products, alcohol products would then be next,” Henares said.