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Posts Tagged ‘smoking rate’

Japanese Government Launched a New No-Smoking Program

Tuesday, July 3rd, 2012

best avalon cigsOnce upon a time, smoking tobacco in Japan is not banned or limited, so the sight of smokers was common. With Japan’s low cigs prices and the country’s ever-so-accessible cigarettes vending machines, smokers could light up their favorite smoking brand on the streets, in pubs, and even in restaurants. That is until higher tobacco taxes were enforced on cigarettes and many public areas were turned into non-smoking buildings. Smoking tobacco was also prohibited on the streets and in offices.

This, of course, has been disappointing and painful for smokers as they are not able to enjoy their smoking habit as easily as before.

The Japanese government recently reported that it is going to launch a new program that aims to decrease the smoking rate in half in 10 years.

Tobacco company General Holdings has come to the common smoker’s attack by launching Ippuku.

Ippuku is an indoor smoking place that is open every day from 6 AM to midnight, very well equipped with ventilation special systems, aroma diffusers, vending machines, televisions, background music, and also free Internet.

Starting with July 3, Ippuku shops will open in Tokyo: one near Ochanomizu, and two others in Jimbocho and Kanada stations.

General Holdings new plans to open a total of 36 sections all over Tokyo by the end of 2015.

In addition to the price rate of 50 yen (per person, per visit), clients will be able to choose from daily (100 yen), weekly (500 yen) and even monthly (1800 yen) passes.

Meeting to Remove Smoking

Wednesday, December 7th, 2011

cheap camel cigarettes onlineHealth professionals, community organisations and councillors in North-East Lincolnshire are to meet this week to discuss ways of reducing one of the worst smoking rates in the country.

An estimated 37,000 adult smokers in the borough smoke around half a million cigarettes every day, which is prompting calls for urgent action to tackle a public health time bomb.

The tobacco control alliance co-ordinator for Care Trust Plus and North East Lincolnshire Council, Trevor Parkin, said: “Our area has one of the highest smoking rates in the country and in some of our least affluent wards, almost half of adults smoke.

“If the statistics stay the way they are at the moment, as many as one in seven of all adults living in North-East Lincolnshire will die from a smoking-related illness and that increases to almost one in four adults in some wards.

“Many smokers are losing up to 16 years of life due to smoking.”

He added: “Despite all of the health messages, far too many young people, particularly girls, are taking up smoking and almost one in four women in the area smoke during pregnancy which is putting at risk both their health and that of their unborn child.

“We know, however, that two out of three smokers say that they want to quit and we need to find more ways of supporting them to do this.”

Delegates will attend an event at Grimsby Town Hall on Friday called Smoking – A Burning Need for Action. The deputy council leader and portfolio holder for health and well-being, Coun Mick Burnett, said: “It is a priority for North East Lincolnshire Council to improve the health and well-being of everyone and reducing smoking among our citizens is key to this.

“Local admissions to hospital and deaths from smoking-related diseases are between 30 and 50 per cent higher than the national average. I look forward to hearing about what are doing to tackle this problem.”

West Virginia’s Obscure Smoking Rate

Tuesday, September 13th, 2011

buy president cigarettes onlineOnce again, sadly, West Virginia has been cited as a sorry example of the linkage between low education, poverty and nicotine addiction.

A business analysis news service combed federal statistics — especially from the Centers for Disease Control — and ranked the Mountain State at rock bottom with America’s worst smoking rate, along with the fifth-worst poverty rate and less advanced education.

Unlike most states, West Virginia hasn’t passed statewide laws against smoking Classic inside public buildings. The Legislature leaves this safety control in the hands of 55 county health boards, producing an erratic hodgepodge of rules.

The news service, 24/7 Wall Street, commented:

“West Virginia wins the dubious first place in this list with an alarming smoking rate among adults of 26.8 percent. The state has none of the bans on indoor smoking that other states impose. It is even legal to smoke in childcare centers. The state has the seventh-lowest cigarette tax in the country, at just 55 cents per pack. Of the state’s current smokers, nearly 55 percent have tried and failed to quit in the past year. According to the CDC, the state has the second-worst rate of tobacco-related deaths in the country.”

The report, titled “Seven States Where People Can’t Quit Smoking,” says all the top seven suffer, to varying degrees, inferior education and lower incomes. The other six states are Mississippi, Kentucky, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma and Ohio.

Repeatedly, the Legislature has scuttled attempts to raise West Virginia’s cigarette tax — a step designed both to bring extra revenue and prevent teens from becoming addicted to nicotine.

Earlier this year, the American Cancer Society issued a report saying 20,000 West Virginians could be saved from future misery and early death if the Legislature would pass two reforms: boosting the per-pack tax by $1, and imposing smoke-free rules uniformly statewide.

Those two reforms would prevent $17 million in medical bills for lung cancer, heart attack and stroke during the next five years, the health group said. And the state government would collect an extra $25 million revenue per year.

That’s a win-win proposition — saving lives and boosting government funds. Why did legislators reject it? Probably because of the rigid conservative mentality that opposes all tax increases, no matter how beneficial.

Nationwide, smoking causes more than 400,000 early deaths each year. A Cancer Society leader commented: “Tobacco is the only legal product that kills when used as directed, and it costs billions of dollars in health care spending.”

West Virginia should join other states that try harder to curb smoking and save lives.

Smoke Rings

Monday, September 12th, 2011

cheapest karelia cigarettesA new report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concludes that the national smoking rate has dropped over the past five years, from 21 percent of adults in 2005 to 19.3 percent last year.

That means a decline of 3 million smokers. And the percentage of smokers who consume 30 or more cigarettes a day has dropped from 13 percent to 9 percent.

That’s the good news, but the smoke rings don’t obscure a grim side. In Ohio, the smoking rate rose to 22.5 percent last year from 20.3 percent in 2009.

Some 45.3 million Americans still smoke. The CDC says 443,000 Americans die of smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke each year. Smoking costs the country $96 billion a year in direct medical costs. Tobacco remains the single largest preventable cause of disease, disability, and death in the United States.

A slow decrease in smoking is better than none, but the five-year decline was much slower than the drop over the past 40 years. Dr. Thomas Frieden, director of the CDC, says tobacco will kill about half of all smokers if they don’t quit. At this rate, adult smoking will fall to 17 percent by 2020, but that does not meet the CDC goal of no more than 12 percent.

Next year, unless the tobacco industry wins a court fight, cigarette packs will bear gruesome new warning labels. But it is discouraging that after all the efforts to curb tobacco use — from smoke-free laws, increases in tobacco taxes, and anti-smoking programs — that about one in five U.S. adults still smokes and the rate is dropping only slowly. The only cool thing about smoking is the corpse that so many smokers become.

Fewer Smokers Still Carries Major Health Consequences

Wednesday, September 7th, 2011

buy focus cigarettesAre all those anti-smoking campaigns starting to get through to Americans? A new government report shows that 19 percent of U.S. adults are smoking these days, down from 21 percent in 2009 – and they’re smoking fewer Focus cigarettes than before.

That’s good news, right?

“Any decline in the number of people who smoke and the number of cigarettes consumed is a step in the right direction,” CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden, said in a written statement. “However, tobacco use remains a significant health burden for the people of United States.”

The CDC officials behind the report – published in the September 6 issue of “Vital Signs” – said the two percent decline is smaller than they had hoped, and only accounts for 3 million fewer smokers.

The report showed while the percentage of adults who smoke 30 or more cigarettes per day is down 4 percent, the percentage of those who smoke nine or fewer cigarettes a day increased from 16.4 percent in 2005 to 22 percent in 2010.

The authors stress that smoking fewer cigarettes still carries major health consequences.

“You don’t have to be a heavy smoker or a long-time smoker to get a smoking-related disease or have a heart attack or asthma attack,” CDC director Dr. Tom Frieden, said in a written statement. “The sooner you quit smoking, the sooner your body can begin to heal.”

Fifty percent of adults who continue to smoke will die from smoking-related causes, according to the report. About 443,000 Americans die from tobacco use and second-hand smoke every year.

Those who don’t die might not fare much better – for every smoking-related death, another two smokers will suffer a smoking-related disease.

The CDC said states need to step up their tobacco control policies. California saw nearly a 50 percent decrease in adult smoking rates since the state began the nation’s longest-running tobacco control program in 1988.

“This slowing trend shows the need for intensified efforts to reduce cigarette smoking among adults,” said Dr. Tim McAfee, director of the CDC’s office on smoking and health. “We know what works: higher tobacco prices, hard-hitting media campaigns, graphic health warnings on cigarette packs, and 100 percent smoke-free policies, with easily accessible help for those who want to quit.”

Hong Kong Decline in Smoking Rate

Wednesday, September 7th, 2011

discount temp cigarettesHong Kong is on the verge of becoming the first place in the world in modern history where less than one in 10 adults smokes. If it achieves it, health experts internationally will be watching closely to see if the city can effectively eradicate the habit altogether, reports Simon Parry.

Imagine a city where smokers were once everywhere but are now almost extinct; a place where more than one in five adults once smoked but where now there are so few smokers left that shops no longer stock Temp cigarettes, lighting up is a social disgrace, and the habit dies a sudden, quiet death.

That city might well be the Hong Kong of the near future, experts believe, after the city in August recorded what may already be the world’s lowest rate of smokers at just 11.1 percent of the adult population. Today, just 3 percent of women and 19.9 percent of men smoke.

With the quirky exception of Bhutan, where smoking is officially banned as bad for Buddhist karma, nowhere in the world are smoking levels so low. Hong Kong’s male smoking rate compares to 35 percent in Singapore, 48 percent in Vietnam, 33 percent in both the US and Germany and 51 percent on the Chinese mainland.

The figure is all the more remarkable when you consider that three decades ago, nearly one in four of all Hong Kong adults smoked. But recent years have seen a precipitous decline in smoking rates in the city that have taken the war against tobacco to a potentially decisive phase.

Punishing tax rises, the expansion of no-smoking areas and a host of initiatives to help people quit have seen a drop in the number of smokers to the point where experts like Judith Mackay believe Hong Kong is on the verge of an “end game” in its battle to curb smoking.

“Hong Kong is in a very interesting position,” said Dr Mackay, senior advisor to the World Lung Foundation and the World Health Organization (WHO), who has worked closely with the Hong Kong government on tobacco control over the past three decades.

“There are a couple of places including Hong Kong beginning to look at what we are confidently calling the end game.

“New Zealand has set a target of 5 percent and has pledged to get there by 2025. But Hong Kong has been challenged by the WHO to be the first place in the world to get into single figures so that’s what we are trying to do.”

Reaching single figures means more than just numbers. It represents a potential tipping point – a level at which a critical mass of smokers no longer exists – that could change the whole dynamic when it comes to social tolerance of smoking.

“We don’t know what will happen we get down to single figures,” said Dr Mackay. “Do you get an absolutely hardened core of smokers who cannot quit, or do you actually find that the societal norms change and there is even perhaps a quicker drift down?

“We simply don’t know and there’s no experience in the world that can help us with that. These truly are unchartered waters.”

For Dr. Mackay – who began her campaign against smoking in 1984 and was once named by the tobacco industry as one of the most dangerous people in the world – the change in Hong Kong over the past three decades has been astonishing.

“There has been a sea change,” she said. “When I started with this work, you could smoke anywhere in Hong Kong. There were massive billboards, advertising on TV, advertising on the radio and ubiquitous marketing and promotion.

“There were no smoke-free areas. You could smoke in cinemas, on buses, you could smoke anywhere. This has just been an incredible public health move.

“Some people would regard 30 years as an unacceptable length of time to get these things done but if you look at the history of public health epidemics, it takes you anything from 50 to 100 years to go from identification of the problem to really getting on top of it. Smallpox went on forever. Even polio we haven’t got on top of.”

Hong Kong has one curious sociological trait in its favor in battling smoking, according to Dr Mackay: A combination of relatively low male smoking rates similar to those in western countries, and extremely low female smoking rates in common with Asian countries.

Much credit, however, is owing to both the pre-handover colonial government and the current administration for pursuing vigorous anti-smoking initiatives over the years, she said, with efforts in the past four years being particularly effective.

“What Hong Kong has done most recently is introduce the whole smoke-free areas initiative plus the fact we have had tax increases – it’s as simple as that,” said Dr Mackay. “Plus we are now seriously beginning to introduce assistance with quitting for smokers.”

However, she insisted there was no room for complacency. “The tobacco industry has predicted we would never get down into single figures, so we are out to prove them wrong,” she said. “But what that does mean is that there is no easy route from now on.

“We have got to keep up all our momentum and defences and attack, to use warlike terms. There must be no sense of complacency or sitting back and thinking ‘Really good figures. We’ve done it and everything’s fine’.”

Dr. Mackay said it was “inevitable” there would be a backlash from the tobacco industry and pointed out how they had launched actions in jurisdictions around the world to challenge moves towards smoke-free areas.

“We got our smoke-free legislation in just in time,” she said. “If we tried to do it two years later, we’d have had years of seeing it challenged through the courts.”

Dr. Raymond Ho Lei-ming, head of the Hong Kong Department of Health’s Tobacco Control Office, said if Hong Kong succeeded in bringing smoking levels down to under 10 percent of the adult population, it would be a significant landmark.

“We are trying to set a new cultural norm,” he said. “When we set up law enforcement and give out HK$1,500 tickets for breaching smoking laws, we are not thinking of it just as a punishment.

“We think most people are law abiding in Hong Kong and it is just a matter of educating the public and also the smoking offender so they comply with the law. Once we do that I think there will be a new norm or movement to strive for a smoke free environment.

“Once we get to below 10 percent, it is difficult to find a ‘buddy’ or someone to support you in your habit. We know cigarettes are offered by buddies. That factor may drive numbers down to a lower level even more quickly.”

Asked if he believed a day would come when the sale of cigarettes would be outlawed in Hong Kong, Dr Ho said: “That would depend on society and whether we reach a consensus. There are talks of ‘end games’ here and overseas.

“New Zealand wants to be smoke-free by 2025. Finland wants to go smoke-free by 2040 and in Singapore they were thinking of changing the law so that after a certain age – if you are born after 2000 – you are not allowed to be sold cigarettes.

“So there are different plans of end games but really you have to look at the individual situation of the jurisdiction and the cultural acceptance of banning it outright.”

One of the most important recent developments has been the introduction of city-wide smoking cessation services with free medication and anti-smoking aids, said Dr Ho. Hong Kong was also pioneering a mobile acupuncture service for people trying to quit.

“We don’t know how effective acupuncture is as a smoking cessation approach,” he said. “Generally speaking, giving up smoking is not easy. The success rate after six months or even one year is only around 40 percent. People usually have to try a few times.

“We want to assess whether acupuncture helps Chinese people to quit. It has been assessed previously on Western populations. We want to see how good the method is on the Hong Kong Chinese population. We started this project in April 2010 and we are collecting data to see how effective it is.”

Other measures – some of them in force in other jurisdictions – are being looked at, including the possibility of banning smoking within three meters of public buildings, at taxi and minibus stands and in al fresco dining areas.

The government is also looking at a requirement for plain packaging for cigarettes, the adding of numbers for stop-smoking lines on packets and a ban on displays of cigarettes so they are kept in shuttered cupboards out of sight of shoppers.

Those tactics could be pivotal in determining whether Hong Kong makes the leap from a low-smoking to a no-smoking city. “We still have just over 650,000 smokers,” pointed out Dr Ho. “We have more to do if we are to bring the numbers down further.”

Victoria Faces Drop in Smoking Rate

Tuesday, September 6th, 2011

buy virginia cigarettesIt seems that the long running chants of reducing smoking rate have been finally heard as it has been confirmed that in Victoria, smoking rate has gone down by over 25%.

It was found after a team from Cancer Council questioned nearly 4,500 people over the phone and found that over only 15% are smoking Virginia cigarettes on regular basis as if now against 21% around 13 years ago, though it’s being linked with increase in tobacco products.

Though it sends a fresh wave in the contours of society, the Chief Executive of the Cancer Council of Victoria, Todd Harper, thinks the other way around.

“I think the declines that we’ve seen over the last few years are really a combination of tax increases and of social marketing campaigns of smoke-free environments”, Harper said.

There is no second thought that smoking has range of health issues attached, but it takes a lot to bring exemplary changes in the global health issue.

It’s being believed that corroborative pressure from range of factors, including pressure from government bodies and other volunteer organization makes it feasible for the smoking rate to reach a new low.

Not even this, such reports act as a source of inspiration for many other groups to take strategic steps towards eradicating the scar of smoking.