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Uncertainty Clouds Yarra Smoking Ban

Tuesday, October 18th, 2011

cheapest esse cigarettesYarra residents are divided over whether outdoor areas should be made smoke-free, just one month out from the council finalising a decision on the issue.

Mayor Alison Clarke said one-third of 210 residents surveyed on the issue supported the ban, while 23 per cent were opposed. The rest were unsure.

“There was general agreement that smoking bans near playgrounds are a no-brainer and should be introduced,” Cr Clarke said. “But when it came to bans being introduced in outdoor dining areas, there were strong views expressed both for and against.”

The council proposed in March to ban smoking in outdoor dining areas, council-owned or managed playgrounds, sport and recreation facilities, and council-run or sponsored events. The council has already installed signs near 25 playgrounds requesting people not light up.

The council will vote on the matter on November 22.

Comments from the council’s online consultation revealed those who support an extended ban would be more likely to visit cafes and other venues, as they object to second-hand smoke. Those who oppose the move have said the proposal would be a “nanny” by-law that would unfairly discriminate against smokers.

Last month the Municipal Association of Victoria proposed a statewide framework for banning smoking cheap Esse cigarettes in public. MAV president Bill McArthur said there was broad support from councils across the state for a state government-led initiative.

“Smoke-free alfresco dining and playgrounds already exist or are proposed by state governments in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia, New South Wales and Tasmania,” Cr McArthur said.

According to the Victorian health department, smoking and secondhand smoke kills about 4000 people across the state and costs $5 billion every year in health costs.

Govt Plans to Ban Smoking in Factories

Friday, September 16th, 2011

cheap esse cigarettesThe government is considering imposing a ban on smoking Esse cigarettes at factories and educational institutions, the law minister says. Attending a discussion organised by the National Anti Tuberculosis Association of Bangladesh (NATAB) on Thursday, Shafique Ahmed said the government would be doing everything needed to ensure public health and healthy environment for all.

Under the current law of 2005, smoking at public places is barred and offenders are penalised Tk 50, but no steps are there yet against the producers.

However, later in 2006, a guideline was formulated.

The minister said the draft of a ‘stricter law’ was under the health ministry’s consideration and “it’ll soon be tabled in the cabinet for initial approval, and will later be sent to the law ministry for final nod”.

“We’ll see how it can be made more effective and acceptable,” said Shafique, emphasising that implementation of the law was more important than its mere existence.

“It (smoking) can be prevented if coordination is struck between the lawmakers and law enforcers,” he added.

The draft proposes increasing the penalty for individuals to Tk 500 and Tk 1 million for companies violating the law.

Smokeless tobacco products, like zarda, sada pata and gul, have been incorporated as ‘tobacco products’ in the draft law that suggests pictorial health warnings covering 50 percent of a cigarette packet to discourage smokers.

At least 40 countries in the world have forced tobacco companies to use such warnings.

Restaurants will be declared smoke-free and duty-free shops will not be able to sell ‘duty-free’ cigarettes once the draft law comes into effect.

Besides, children below 18 years of age will be barred to sell and buy cigarettes, as studies suggest two-thirds of smokers in Bangladesh pick up the habit before their 17th birthday.

The law minister also pointed out that multinational tobacco businesses are spending billions of taka over promoting smoking.

“There are many multinational companies who spend millions to encourage smoking. They have many different programmes in the Third World countries like ours,” Shafique said.

NATAB co-ordinator Sagufta Sultana insisted that there should be a law to restrict tobacco cultivation.

“Due to controversies and absence of ban on selling cigarettes to adolescents, the campaigns to prevent smoking and tobacco use are hindered,” she added.

NATAB member Dr Yasin Ali and vice-president Mujaffar Hossain Poltu also spoke at the programme, among others.

According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey 2009, about 41.3 million people aged above 15 use tobacco either in smoke or smokeless form in Bangladesh. The number was 32.3 million in 2007.

The World Health Organisation observes that annually 57,000 deaths and 382,000 disabilities in Bangladesh were due to tobacco use. Stricter anti-tobacco law should be in place, it says.

Campaigners say bureaucratic failure delayed the process of amendment of the law that started over two years ago.

They also suggest strong awareness campaigns in schools to curb the rising trend of tobacco use.

JT Against Raising Tobacco Tax

Wednesday, September 7th, 2011

esse cigarettes onlineJapan Tobacco Inc. issued a statement Tuesday seeking the sale of the government’s stake in the company while expressing opposition to a possible rise in the tobacco tax.

Although JT is hoping to be fully privatized to enhance its management freedom, it is the first time for the company to seek the move in writing.

The government currently owns 5 million JT shares, equivalent to 50 percent of the company’s outstanding stock. JT said the government would be able to secure around 1.7 trillion yen in revenue by selling its entire stake.

There have been calls within the ruling Democratic Party of Japan for the government to sell its JT shares to secure funds for rebuilding the country in the wake of the March 11 earthquake and tsunami.

Finance Minister Jun Azumi said on a TV program Monday night that the government may consider selling some of its JT shares, while expressing readiness to sell its shareholding in subway operator Tokyo Metro Co. to secure funds for reconstruction.

Apparently in connection with remarks made Monday by Health, Labor and Welfare Minister Yoko Komiyama calling for a rise in the tobacco tax, JT said such a move “will clearly not achieve a sustainable increase in tax revenue, as it will accelerate a sales volume decline.”

Komiyama said the price of a 20-cigarette pack should be raised by 100 yen annually to at least around 700 yen to help protect human health by discouraging smoking Esse cigarettes. Her comments came as the government remains divided over whether to increase taxes to raise funds for reconstruction in northeastern Japan following the devastating disaster in March.

Concerning Komiyama’s remarks, Azumi said Tuesday he believes it was her “personal opinion,” while Komiyama herself toned down her comments, saying the issue is for the Finance Ministry, which is in charge of tobacco administration, and the government’s tax commission to decide.

The government last increased the tobacco tax in October last year — by 3.5 yen per cigarette — as part of a price hike that boosted the cost of a 20-cigarette pack of the popular brand Mild Seven from 300 yen to 410 yen.

Meanwhile, on Azumi’s remarks about selling the government’s shareholding in Tokyo Metro, Tokyo Vice Gov. Naoki Inose asked the Finance Ministry for an explanation, saying there was no prior consultation with the Tokyo metropolitan government, which holds a stake of around 47 percent in the subway operator.

“If (the government) were to sell the shares, it should bring the matter up for discussions,” Inose said, referring to ongoing talks between the metropolitan government, the state and Tokyo Metro aimed at integrating the management of Tokyo Metro and the metropolitan government’s Bureau of Transportation, which runs a separate subway system in Tokyo.

Petitioner Against Smoking Ban

Thursday, August 18th, 2011

best esse cigarettesCan minimum-wage earners afford the P100, 000 bond for the temporary restraining order on the smoking ban? One of the petitioners in the TRO case against the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority’s smoking ban admitted Tuesday on television that he couldn’t and he has been promised money by a tobacco firm he used to work for.

But the same petitioner, Anthony Clemente, came out on Wednesday to deny the news report, saying he was misquoted.

In a news report of a late-night television program Tuesday, one of the petitioners appeared to have confessed that their apprehension on a sidewalk in Cubao, Quezon City was planned.

Asked if he was promised money by the tobacco firm, the petitioner who was hidden from the camera answered. By how much, he said he was not told.

The petitioners’ lawyer Luis de la Paz dismissed the news report as “unreliable,” claiming his client was misquoted. Antony Clemente and Vrianne Lamson, who both told the court previously that they were earning P462 a day at a stockyard of the Manila Water in San Juan City, filed the petition at the Mandaluyong regional trial court Branch 213 to stop the smoking ban of the MMDA.

On Monday, Judge Carlos Valenzuela of Branch 213 issued the TRO for 20 days ruling in favor of the two. Valenzuela said the MMDA had no authority to implement the Republic Act 9211 or the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003 and minor and major thoroughfares were not included in the meaning of the “enclosed or confined areas” where smoking Esse cigarettes should be banned.

The petitioners are required to post the P100,000 bond, which would cover the claims of damages if the court’s final decision went in MMDA’s favor.

“I have no capacity to pay the bond for the TRO. I am just a minimum-wage earner,” the petitioner said. The supposed admission sparked an outrage among tobacco control advocates.

“The admission of the complainant that the case was fabricated should appall Filipinos to no end,” Dr. Jaime Galvez-Tan, former DOH secretary, said in a statement sent by HealthJustice, a group of lawyers advocating tobacco control.

The group pooled all the reactions of its partners and allies about the TRO. “The tobacco industry is obviously pulling out all stops to block laudable public health measures like the MMDA’s enforcement campaign,” he said.

HealthJustice said the TRO was not the first challenge thrown by the tobacco industry to the government for policies that regulate tobacco use.

The group said last July, Judge Winlove Dumayas of the Makati RTC dismissed the petition filed by former senator and Department of Health secretary Juan Flavier along with over a hundred petitioners requesting for declaratory relief over a DoH Administrative Order requiring graphic health warnings on cigarette packs. According to Dumayas, the interests of the petitioners were too remote.

“We, the petitioners, suffered years of our lives due to cancer, lost our own throats, voices. A lot have lost their loved ones. All of this is because of the consumption of a deadly product that does not carry sufficient warning.
Now we are told that our interests are remote,” said Emerito Rojas, president of New Voice Association of the Philippines (NVAP).

NVAP is a tobacco control advocacy group composed mainly of cancer victims that attribute their cancer to smoking.
Tan said that by planting a witness against MMDA, the tobacco industry “undermines the authority of the government to take care of its people.”

Tan pointed out the “fundamental and irreconcilable conflict between the tobacco industry’s interests and public health policy interests.”

“The falsehood of the petition against MMDA is an abuse of the judicial system. It only further validates the need for the government to be protected from the tobacco industry,” Dr. Ulysses Dorotheo in the same statement.

Dorotheo is a recipient of the Judy Wilkenfeld Award for excellence in international tobacco control this May for the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids in Washington, D.C. and Project Director of the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance.

Sought for his comment, the petitioners’ lawyer Luis de la Paz claimed one of the petitioners was misquoted by the television station.

“I have talked to the two of them. He [one of the petitioners] said he was just misquoted,” De la Paz said over the phone.

“Right now, we are trying to get to the bottom of this. There is no tobacco company behind him. The report is not true,” he said.

De la Paz added that the petitioner was rattled and confused about the reporter’s question. When the case was filed last month, groups supporting the MMDA’s smoking ban have been questioning the motives of the lawyer and the petitioners in filing the case.

De la Paz is an associate of law firm Gonzales Batiller David Leabres Reyes & Associates which listed Philip Morris Companies Inc.

The lawyer has repeatedly denied any involvement of the tobacco giant in the case. “This is not the issue here. Let us focus on the legalities of the case,” he said.

On Wednesday afternoon, petitioner Antony Clemente, who supposedly made the admission, executed an affidafit denying the news report, De la Paz said.

In a copy e-mailed to the Philippine Daily Inquirer, Clemente said most of the things he allegedly said in the interview were far from the truth and have been used in a wrong context.

“I would like to clarify that I never worked for a tobacco company. I am an employee of Readyman and I have been assigned in different companies like Igloo, IDS, and Manila Water,” he said in Filipino.

He also denied having said that the tobacco company paid for the P100,000 bond. “The truth is the bond was not yet posted in the court,” he said.

On the claim that he has been promised money, Clemente said during the interview he was just compelled to give any answer to the reporter’s queries.

“Nung ako ay nilapitan para sa interview, ako ay kinabahan at wala sa tamang isip dahil lahat ng kapitbahay naka-tingin sa akin, [When I was approached for an interview, I felt nervous and I was out of my right mind because all of my neighbors are looking at me],” he said.

The MMDA said that it would seek a motion for reconsideration before the Mandaluyong court, which stopped the government agency from enforcing a smoking ban based on Clemente’s disclosure Tuesday night.

In a statement, MMDA Chairman Francis Tolentino said that the complainant’s admission could nullify the TRO issued by Judge Carlos Valenzuela against the ban.

“The complainants were planted and their arrest by our environmental enforcers was planned that’s why we can say that some businessmen were interested in this case,” said Tolentino.

Smoking Bad for Women Heart

Thursday, August 11th, 2011

cheap esse cigarettes Women who start smoking Esse cigarettes increase their risk of a heart attack by more than men who take up the habit, according to a review of more than 30 years of research. A study of 2.4 million people, published in the Lancet, showed a 25% difference in increased risk. The reasons are unclear, say researchers.

The British Heart Foundation said the findings were “alarming” especially as women tended to smoke fewer cigarettes.

The World Health Organization lists heart disease as the world’s biggest killer, affecting more than seven million people each year.

The illness is largely down to lifestyle choice and smoking is one of the main causes. A study by the University of Minnesota showed women are at greater risk from smoking than men.

It analysed 75 sets of data produced by studies between 1966 and 2010.

The report showed that: “Women had a significant 25% increased risk for coronary heart disease conferred by cigarette smoking compared with men.”

Smoking was thought to double the risk of a heart attack for both men and women. The report’s author Rachel Huxley said the risks adjusted for each sex were not available – but she roughly estimated them to be around a 1.8 fold increase if men start smoking and around a 2.3 fold increase for women.

The researchers admit that the explanation for the increased risk is “unclear”, but likely explanations fall into two categories.

Biological differences between the sexes could mean women are more vulnerable to coronary heart disease or there could be differences in the way women smoke.

The authors suggested: “Women might extract a greater quantity of carcinogens and other toxic agents from the same number of cigarettes than men.”

Ellen Mason, senior cardiac nurse at the British Heart Foundation, said: “It’s alarming to see such a large study confirm that women are so much more at risk of heart disease from smoking than men.

“Despite women generally smoking fewer cigarettes a day than men, women appear to be substantially more at risk of getting heart disease.

The chief executive of Heart UK, Jules Payne, said: “Smoking cessation policies and practice should take account of differences between the genders in order to optimise effectiveness in targeting both men and women.”

Jane Landon, deputy chief executive of the National Heart Forum, said: “In many countries around the world, women are viewed as a growth market by tobacco companies.

“Government plans for plain packaging of tobacco products are urgently needed to stop the cynical marketing that particularly targets young women with slim cigarettes in small, attractive packs in appealing textures and colours.”

Fasting Can Help Quit Smoking Habit

Friday, August 5th, 2011

buy esse cigarettesHealth experts believe that fasting is the best way to do away with the habit of smoking Esse Slims cigarettes and the first of Ramazan should be observed as National Quit Smoking Day.

Over 70% of the smokers want to quit smoking but they cannot do so because of their addiction to nicotine whereas 90 to 95 per cent quit on their own without any formal assistance. Cessation of smoking depends upon the will power of a person and this may be done preferably in the month of Ramazan in which Muslims develop strong spiritual and physical will power to correct themselves and remove their weaknesses.

Head of Community Medicine at CMH Lahore Medical College Professor Dr Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry expressed this while talking to ‘The News’ on tobacco cessation.

He said that tobacco-related diseases kill over 100,000 people in Pakistan every year – more than suicide bombing, road traffic accidents, honour killings and drug abuse combined. The tobacco related diseases and premature deaths by it can be avoided by taking serious measures by the government and individuals, he added.

Tobacco use poses a serious threat to public health in Pakistan, a country that has over 25 million smokers. Health experts believe that 87% of the fatal lung cancer cases are caused by smoking and persons who smoke are at a chance of suffering from lung cancer 22 times more than non-smokers.

Cigarette smoke contains 4,000 chemicals at least 40 of which are known to be carcinogenic (cancer causing agents) and the toxic ingredients in cigarette travel throughout body causing damage in several different ways. Studies reveal that besides nicotine, the addictive substance of tobacco, the gas and vapour phase of cigarettes contains thousands of other toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, growth reparative and immunosuppressive compounds which include poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, cyanide, carbon monoxide, lead and cadmium.

“Ramazan is the best time to quit smoking and one should make the firm intention from the depth of heart to give up this evil habit during Ramazan,” said Dr Ashraf. He added that when all ulema agree that smoking is haram (totally forbidden), then why a Muslim uses haram thing during the holy month of Ramazan.

Allah says “—- make not your hands contribute to destruction—-”. (Sura Al-Baqra 2;195), “—- not kill yourselves—-”(Surah Al-Nisah 4:29), he said. Dr Ashraf advises that after quitting smoking, one should avoid relapse. Most relapses occur within the first three months. Avoid situations in which you were habitual of smoking. Drink plenty of water/juices and avoid boring situations. Stay busy, active and do regular walk or exercise. Get more sleep. Take deep breaths when cravings hit.

Do something to reduce your stress. Take a hot bath, read a book or exercise. Learn what triggers your desire for cigarettes for example morning routine, coffee, tea, the end of a meal, arrival at work, sitting in a car, entering restaurant, company of smoker friends, emotions such as stress, anxiety, boredom and celebration and avoid these triggers, he said.

Dr Ashraf said that all forms of tobacco – cigarettes, pipes, cigars, Hubble Bubble (huqqa or sheesha), smokeless tobacco (beedis, niswar or snuff, tobacco pan), and filtered, light, mild or low tar cigarettes – are hazardous.

Explaining benefits of quitting smoking, he said that just 20 minutes after quitting smoking, your heart rate drops. Twelve hours after quitting smoking, carbon monoxide (poisonous gas) levels in your blood drops to normal. Two weeks to three months after quitting smoking, your heart attack risk begins to drop and your lung function begins to improve. One to nine months after quitting, your coughing and shortness of breath decrease. One year after quitting, your added risk of coronary heart disease is half of a smoker’s. Five to 15 years after quitting, your stroke risk is reduced to that of a non-smoker. Ten years after quitting smoking, your lung cancer death rate is about half that of a smoker’s. Your risk of cancers of mouth, throat, oesophagus, bladder, kidney and pancreas decreases. Fifteen years after quitting smoking, your risk of coronary heart disease is back to that of a non-smoker’s, said Dr Ashraf.

He added that pregnant women, who quit smoking, are at less risk of premature or low birth weight babies and foetal malformations.

Light Up and Laugh at the Anti-Smoking Policies

Friday, July 8th, 2011

cheapest esse cigarettes onlineDespite four years this month of the smoking ban in England, and a vigorous anti-smoking campaign paid for by the taxpayer, it has not lowered the number of Esse cigarettes smokers. Their number remains at about 20 per cent – the hardcore, of which I am one. It might kill me, although if it doesn’t, something else will.

Bohemia has been banned. We might pay a heavy price for that. New York City is a lot duller for its smoking ban than it was in the past. Cole Porter would think the Sunday school teachers had taken over – and they have.

I am aware how fanatical anti-smokers can be, as my father was one. My brother has a video of him trying to take a cigarette from my mouth 40 years ago.

Perhaps you can get a smoking room at a hotel in London, but you certainly can’t in the city of Oxford. In France and Germany it’s a lot more civilised.

The Lutèce Hotel in Paris has a floor of smoking rooms. It also has a small lounge near the bar with a sealed door: you can smoke in there, but you have to take your own drink in. Arriving back at the hotel one late evening, the bar was very quiet. We got a drink at the bar and opened the sealed door. It was full of music and young people dancing on the tables, cigarettes in hand. I couldn’t stop laughing (it’s good for you and it clears the lungs).

Does the new Savoy have anything like it, or Claridge’s, or any other London hotel? No.

In Germany I go to Baden Baden every few months to enjoy the rejuvenating waters at the Friedrich’s Bath. I stay in a very nice hotel, the Brenners Park. I can still smoke in the room and downstairs is a lovely cigar lounge. You don’t have to go out in the cold or rain for the enjoyment of a cigar or cigarette. Try that in London.

The smoking ban works, say some of my friends – but do you know how? Through punishment. I met a publican who was sent to jail for letting two old men smoke in his pub. England was once a tolerant place with a live-and-let live attitude to many things. Not any more. I have utter contempt for the politicians who do this. These politics stink, they have a vile, unfree stench.

You will never get rid of smoking, or alcohol or drugs: they might kill, but they also give pleasure. Tobacco is a great pleasure that a large number of people deny.

The dreary and the bossy who cannot accept this will try to take over even more: everywhere has to be safe for little Emily with asthma. Focusing on such small things, the professional anti-smokers miss out on the bigger pleasures of life. I wouldn’t want to spend much time with them. When a doctor announced that 100 million people were “killed ” by tobacco in the 20th century, I pointed out that governments killed the same number, and that their deaths were very unpleasant by comparison.

The prohibitionists can feel sorry for me all they want; I am just going to laugh at their smallness.

My little corner of Bohemia has now been reduced to my house, where free spirits are welcome and I try to keep the dreary and the boring away. I have a large sign that points out “Death awaits you even if you do not smoke”. I like to enjoy Now, as there is only now. Longevity as an aim in life seems to me to be life-denying.