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Archive for November, 2011

Cigarette Ads Prohibited in Bali Schools

Wednesday, November 30th, 2011

high quality karelia cigaretteCigarette advertising in schools will be banned in Bali from early next year, but tobacco companies will still be allowed to sponsor school activities.

Bali’s local government has passed a law making it illegal to smoke discount Karelia cigarettes in a number of public areas across the Indonesian resort island.

It has singled out temples, transport facilities and health clinics among others.

The new rules, which are expected to come into force early next year, mean that smoking, selling cigarettes and advertising tobacco at schools will also be banned.

But local parliamentarian, Nyoman Parta, says the rules will not stop tobacco companies from sponsoring school activities like sports.

“We even suggest they give more sponsorship,” he said.

Councillor Parta says sponsorship and advertising are two different issues.

He says he is confident the bans will support tourism in Bali.

“It will support tourism in Bali. I am very optimistic that once this bylaw is implemented more wealthy people would come to Bali,” he said.

Young People who Smoke Cigarettes Dropped, Ontario News

Wednesday, November 30th, 2011

best quality kent cigarettesThe number of Ontario teenagers who smoke cigarettes has plummeted to historic lows, but a worrisome number of young people are still binge drinking and using marijuana and other illicit drugs, a report has found.

One of the trends discovered is that the gap between boys and girls is closing when it comes to binge drinking and drug use.

The Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey, published by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health based in Toronto, is used to track patterns of the use and abuse of alcohol, drugs and other types of substances among young people across the province. Nearly 9,300 students from Grades 7 to 12 were surveyed in 2011.

The survey found that the number of young people who smoke dropped to 9 per cent in 2011 from 12 per cent in 2009, a significant decrease that represents an all-time low since the survey began in 1977.

While the report also found slight decreases in binge drinking and cannabis use, the numbers are still high enough to warrant concern about the short- and long-term impact, said Robert Mann, a senior scientist at CAMH and the survey’s co-principal investigator.

More than half, or 55 per cent, of respondents reported drinking alcohol in the previous year, and about one in five, or 22 per cent, of students had engaged in binge drinking at least once in the month before the survey was done. The survey defines binge drinking as having five or more drinks on one occasion.

While the binge-drinking rate is a decrease from 28 per cent in 2009, it’s hardly good news because it’s still quite common and could have serious implications for the health of young people, Dr. Mann said. “It’s a common drinking pattern that’s also a very hazardous drinking pattern,” he said.

Binge drinking also has other consequences. The survey found that 18 per cent of students reported hazardous or harmful drinking behaviours, characterized by dependence on alcohol or drinking-related injuries. One in 10 students said they had injured themselves or someone else while drinking. Males and females were equally likely to report dangerous drinking patterns, the report said. At the same time, 16 per cent of students said they had been drunk or high at school at least once in the past year.

Meanwhile, cannabis use also dropped slightly, to 22 per cent in 2011 from 26 per cent in 2009. But it remains a cause of concern because of the implications of cannabis use. In particular, one in 10 students who smoked marijuana in the previous year displayed signs of dependence, according to the survey.

For the first time, students were asked about operating a snowmobile, boat, Sea-Doo or all-terrain vehicle after drinking, and 7 per cent reporting they had done so at least once in the previous year.

One surprising trend, according to Dr. Mann, is that girls have caught up to boys when it comes to binge drinking, cannabis use and other problem behaviours. In many instances, it appears that while male substance use has remained relatively stable or even declined, the number of females engaging in those activities has risen significantly. For instance, in 1999, 20.3 per cent of boys and 15.7 per cent of girls reported hazardous or harmful drinking behaviour. By 2011, those numbers were 18.1 for boys and 17.6 for girls.

The report also noted other serious issues involving students and substance abuse over the past year:

Seven per cent of teens who drive got behind the wheel within an hour of consuming two or more alcoholic drinks;

Half of all teens consumed caffeinated energy drinks, such as Red Bull;

Seven per cent of students used over-the-counter cough and cold medications to get high;

One per cent of students used OxyContin, a highly addictive prescription painkiller, for non-medical reasons;

An estimated 8,900 Ontario teens have been in a treatment program for alcohol or drug use, based on an extrapolation of the survey results.

Smoking Ban Petition Spread in Springfield MO

Wednesday, November 30th, 2011

buy hilton cigarette onlineThe newest smoking ban petition circulating in Springfield is refueling debate. This petition to repeal the smoking ban passed by voters went to the City of Springfield’s legal department in early November. They looked over the 10-page document and gave their approval.

Live Free Springfield Chairman Dave Myers says even in its infancy, the petition is seeing strong support.

“What we’re trying to do is motivate people,” he says. “Let them get involved for themselves and let them know why this is that we’re doing this.”

Myers’ message, he says, has little to do with tobacco; instead, it’s about choice.

“It’s not about health. It’s about property rights. It’s about business rights. It’s about individual personal liberties and freedoms.”

“Fairly excited just to see some momentum,” says Ryan MacDonald, owner and operator of Trolley’s in downtown Springfield. “I think Springfield jumped the gun on the smoking ban.”

That quick trigger cost MacDonald up to 35 percent of his business since being forced to put up no smoking signs in June. Empty tables, he says, that may have been mitigated if Springfield would have instead looked at bans in neighboring cities.

“This is coming from somebody who’s pro-business, not pro-smoking or anti-smoking, just pro-business,” says MacDonald.

The reaction is not as rough on every bar and restaurant.

Finnegans Wake owner Tom Muetzel says his business was up 16 percent in July and August. He says his staff is happy and healthy, and content with the current ordinance.

Myers won’t be happy until he can convince 2,100 registered Springfield voters to sign his petition and give a little clarity to the smoking Hilton cigarette online confusion.

The clerk needs to certify 2,100 registered voters to get this petition to council. If it makes it there, it’s a little murky. A normal initiative takes a simple majority from council.

However, because this is tied to the Springfield Smoke-Fee Air Act of 2011, City Attorney Dan Wichmer isn’t clear if this requires a unanimous vote by council.

Council will have the option, though, of pushing it through to voters as well.

States Reduced Funding for Tobacco Prevention Programs

Wednesday, November 30th, 2011

discount dunhill cigaretteStates have cut funding for tobacco prevention programs 12 percent this year, to the lowest level since 1999, according to a new report that a coalition of public health groups released Wednesday.

States have scaled back spending on tobacco programs as they grapple with budget deficits that have forced layoffs, furloughs and cuts for basic services.

They will collect $25.6 billion in tobacco taxes and legal settlements from the tobacco industry this fiscal year. But they will spend just 1.8 percent of that, or $456.7 million, on programs to prevent or stop tobacco use, according to the report released by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, the American Cancer Society, and several other groups.

That’s about 12 percent of the $3.7 billion the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends, the report says.

“There are no easy cuts anymore. There’s the old expression, tried and true, it’s not fat anymore, we’re talking about bone,” said Debra Miller, director of health policy for the Council of State Governments. “All revenue is looked at as revenue for the highest priority programs. … They aren’t ignoring the whole idea of tobacco cessation and the public health issues, the budgets are just such a problem right now.

Thirty-three states and the District of Columbia are spending less than a quarter of the amount recommended by the CDC.

Only one state, Alaska, is meeting or exceeding its CDC recommendation for the year, spending $10.8 million this year. Connecticut, Nevada, New Hampshire and Ohio did not allocate any funding for tobacco prevention programs this fiscal year. Neither did the District of Columbia.

“At a time when they’re getting as much revenue as ever … they’re spending less than ever,” said Danny McGoldrick, vice president of research at the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids. “It’s really a penny-wise, pound-foolish decision because we’re going to pay for it (in the long-term).”

States on average have never spent as much the CDC would like, but the total has declined dramatically in recent years, McGoldrick said. States have cut funding 36 percent in the past four years, the report says.

In contrast, tobacco companies spent $10.5 billion to market their products in 2008, the most recent year tracked by the Federal Trade Commission.

About 46 million Americans smoke, while more than 3 percent of American adults use smokeless tobacco, according to the CDC. Smoking-related health care costs $96.7 billion annually nationwide, the report says, and tobacco-related diseases are responsible for about 443,000 deaths a year in the U.S.

Tobacco companies agreed in 1998 to settle lawsuits several states brought over smoking-related health care costs by paying them about $206 billion over more than two decades. States first received full payments under the settlement in 1999.

The largest U.S. tobacco company, Altria Group Inc. — based in Richmond, Va., and maker of Skoal smokeless tobacco and top-selling Marlboro cigarettes — pays a majority of that. States should use more of the settlement money for youth smoking prevention and health-related initiatives, said Altria spokesman David Sutton.

“The money’s there and that’s one of the primary reason it was put in place was for these very type of programs,” Sutton said.

Many states also have raised tobacco taxes in order to increase revenue and supplement funds provided by the tobacco industry.

Tobacco Giants Expect a Higher Prices for Their Cigars

Tuesday, November 29th, 2011

discount rich cigaretteThe tobacco industry hopes to turn around in the coming spring after poor crop last year owing to a drought-plagued season. The tobacco giants like Philip Morris International Inc. (PM – Analyst Report) and Reynolds American Inc. (RAI – Analyst Report) anticipate a higher price for their best Rich cigars on the back of a better yield by Burley farming, the key industry in Kentucky, powered by a favorable curing condition.

White Burley is a strain of tobacco that is known for its capacity to absorb sugar and flavoring. Burley was first grown in Ohio. However, at present it is predominantly a product of Kentucky and Tennessee. It revolutionized the smoking and chewing industry after the Civil War and had an equally strong impact on the cigarette industry during World War I.

The late planting season owing to steady rain last spring was followed by a dry summer that was a proper curing season for the burley plants. The post-harvest curing process changes long green burley tobacco leaves to a dark reddish brown tint desired by buyers.

Burley contract volume was significantly reduced in 2010 because of the softness in both domestic and international markets. Moreover, a prolonged drought last year combined with hot temperatures caused much of the burley crop to dry too fast in barns. That left much of the leaf with an undesired light tan color. Thus, market prices fell and the contracts with farmers were rejected by the tobacco biggies.

However, experts commented that the crops which are being readied for availability in the market coming spring are 64% good, 22% fair, 10% excellent and 4% poor or very poor. They are also of the opinion that these crops could be ranked the highest in quality in the past three or four years. These high quality crops ought to fetch a high reward for the industry.

Clouds loomed over the industry for a long time as governments in several countries imposed bans on marketing and packaging to bring down smoking levels in their respective countries.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in a recent ruling has asked the tobacco giants of the United States to print the latest design including the graphic representations of a dead body, cancerous lungs and rotten teeth on their cigarette packets from 2012.

The Australian government has taken a stricter stance on tobacco giants, imposing higher taxes plus an order to expand the size of the existing graphic warning labels.

Five tobacco giants across the globe namely Reynolds American Inc., Lorillard Inc. (LO – Analyst Report), Ligget Group, Santa Fe Natural Tobacco, and Commonwealth Brands have filed a case against the FDA for imposing labels that are more likely to cut the number of smokers rather than helping consumers make a free choice. Philip Morris launched a multibillion-dollar legal action against the Aussie government’s ruling of plain packaging of cigarettes.

However, the tobacco industry also has many positive points to look forward to that will boost its growth in the near future. Though government regulations increasingly discourage smoking, the industry is heading toward a growth phase, with exports on the rise. Major export markets like China, which has less stringent anti-smoking regulations, will drive demand in the near future.

Moreover, fast growing population coupled with rising disposable income in the developing countries are expected to fuel the higher tobacco consumption in these regions. Plus, governments are unlikely to limit price increases in tobacco products.

Tax-free Big Business in Ontario and Quebec

Tuesday, November 29th, 2011

quebec smokers onlineChief Frank Brown of the Canupawakpa Dakota Nation doesn’t smoke, but he swears by the Mohawk-manufactured cigarettes on sale at the Dakota Chundee Smoke Shack near Pipestone, Man. “We did our research and the provincial [name brand] cigarettes have a lot of chemicals in them,” he says. “We think our smokes don’t have the cancer that the province’s cigarettes do.”

Whatever the supposed health claims put forth by Brown, the Manitoba government isn’t listening. In mid-November, officials seized 90,000 contraband cigarettes, which were not authorized for sale in the province. The next day, Dakota Chundee, which doesn’t sit on reserve land, was open again, crowded with non-Aboriginal buyers.

The raid, and subsequent reopening of the smoke shack, is the latest in a growing frontier war between First Nations and western provincial governments. Unlike in Ontario and Quebec, where the booming Indian tobacco business has also been linked to gangs, not to mention billions in lost taxes, Indian cigarette sales haven’t been an issue in the West. That’s changing as western bands turn to smokes to not only fill their coffers, but to assert land claims, too.

Last year, Kahnawake Mohawk-owned Rainbow Tobacco Co., which is based in Quebec and is the best-known native-owned tobacco manufacturer, announced a new western marketing offensive, entering into talks with various Prairie bands and touting the economic benefits of selling tax-free cigarettes. With these native-manufactured cigarettes there is no question of “smuggling” per se, since the smokes are licensed for on-reserve sale by the federal Customs and Revenue Agency.

It’s at the provincial level where the line between contraband and legal native cigarettes gets problematic. The provincial tax treatment of tobacco sold on-reserve varies from province to province, but the federal Indian Act says that provinces cannot tax “the personal property of an Indian or a band situated on a reserve,” thus requiring courts to make tricky ontological decisions about the definitions of “personal property” and “situated.” In April, Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission officials seized 16 million cigarettes from a Quonset hut on the reserve of the Montana First Nation in Hobbema, Alta. The seized cigarettes were Rainbow Tobacco brands, and Rainbow CEO Rob Dickson claims that he had not yet been paid for them. His case is before a court in Wetaskiwin, Alta., where he claims the cigarettes were intended for sale to other First Nations in Alberta and that the Indian Act trumps the provincial Tobacco Tax Act. Smaller amounts of Rainbow Tobacco cigarettes have also been seized in B.C. and Saskatchewan.

The situation in Manitoba is even more complicated. The language of the Indian Act exemption might not apply to the off-reserve Dakota Chundee Smoke Shop, but Chief Brown points out that the treaty status of the Dakota is in question; the Dakota claim historic roots on both sides of the international border, but were considered refugees from American power by the British government of the 19th century. “We consider ourselves a sovereign nation that made a military, economic and trade alliance, as equals, with the British,” he says. Later Canadian treaties do not include the Dakota at all, he adds.

The federal government is staying out of the fights, even though cheap cigarettes take away the main leverage governments have to reduce tobacco use: taxes. Manitoba’s provincial tax on cigarettes is a whopping $45 a carton.

Those who have the most at stake may be non-Aboriginal mainstream retailers, whose National Coalition Against Contraband Tobacco says adventurous Indian vendors are on the same legal and ethical footing as smugglers. “Imagine how the typical convenience store owner feels about this—a Canadian, very often a new Canadian, who works 12 hours a day and lives in fear that a government ‘secret shopper’ might catch him selling cigarettes to a minor,” says NCACT spokesman Gary Grant. “We support the Manitoba government in putting a stop to what, according to the law in Manitoba, is illegal.”

Smoking Ban Law Passes

Tuesday, November 29th, 2011

discount gauloises cigaretteA smoking ban ordinance was unanimously passed Wednesday by Corbin’s commissioners. During a special called meeting, the second and final reading of the ordinance was held. Once the ordinance is advertised, it will become law.

The ordinance bans smoking in all public places within the city’s limits. Violators could face a misdemeanor charge and a fine of up to $150.

Although Commissioner Phil Gregory had voted against the proposal during prior meetings, he changed his vote Wednesday, saying he had received several calls on the matter.

During prior meetings, Gregory had maintained the ban would be an intrusion by government into personal choice.

The meeting was attended by several people from local health departments and the Tri-County Clear the Air Coalition.

After the ban passed the vote, Gail Timperio, public health director for Whitley County Health Department, thanked commissioners for their vote and said her department has smoking cessation classes available to businesses.

While no member of the public spoke against the ban during Wednesday’s meeting, Monday’s reading of the ordinance drew two people who raised concerns about the ban’s impact on charitable bingo gaming.

Those public enclosed spaces subject to the ban are bars, bingo facilities, restaurants, retail establishments and billiard halls. Smoking would be prohibited within 25 feet of entrances, exits, wheelchair ramps, windows and ventilation systems for enclosed areas.

Private residences would be excluded from the ban unless they are used for childcare, adult daycare or as a health care facility.

The ordinance would also restrict the number of designated smoking rooms hotels and motels could offer to guests. Only a maximum of 20 percent of rooms could be designated as smoking, all those rooms must be on the same floor and the smoke cheap Gauloises cigarette must not infiltrate nonsmoking areas.

Owners or operators of public buildings will be required to post “no smoking” signs and to remove ashtrays from those areas where smoking isn’t allowed. The ordinance mandates that owners or operators must require those who violate the ban to extinguish smoking materials. Those owners or operators who fail to maintain compliance will be found in offense of the ban.

Commissioners moved quickly to enact the ban. During the commission’s Nov. 14 meeting, Commissioner Joe Shelton made a motion to authorize Bob Hammons, city attorney, to draft the ordinance.

The ordinance was first read Monday during a special called meeting.

Hammons said the ordinance is based upon a sample provided to the city by the health department as well as ordinances in place in Louisville and Lexington.