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Archive for July, 2011

Higher Prices Best Way to Beat Smoking Habit

Tuesday, July 19th, 2011

cheap lucky strike cigarettesIt is rare for much time to pass without a new front being opened by anti-smoking crusaders. This month has seen a particularly high level of activity. Legislation dictating that tobacco products, Lucky Strike cigarettes and advertisements will have to be kept out of sight in shops from next July was passed with the support of all but three Act MPs.

Not to be outdone, George Wood, the chairman of the Auckland Council’s community safety forum, proposed a ban on smoking in inner-city streets. Then, most astonishingly, the Auckland District Health Board said it was looking at refusing to hire smokers.

All these initiatives highlight the pressure on policymakers not only from anti-smoking lobbyists but from a community that has rapidly come to vilify the practice. People once enjoying an acceptable pastime now find themselves literally out in the cold. A wide range of measures have been used to drive that message home, yet about 20 per cent of people continue to light up. Thus new means to persuade that stubborn minority to quit keep being proposed.

To their credit, some policymakers have recognised that some of these suggestions are, quite simply, a step too far.

They acknowledge what many anti-smoking advocates do not – that smoking is a legal pastime enjoyed by a significant number of people, and that their rights must be balanced against other people’s protection from secondhand smoke.

Such was the case when Mr Wood’s plan to have smokers banned from gathering in front of inner-city buildings was rejected. The spectacle of smokers huddling together outside workplaces is certainly unappealing. But if this were denied them, it is reasonable to ask where would they smoke. And if this were the home or the family car, how long before anti-smoking lobbyists would be trying to dictate what happens in these places, even though this is generally considered the individual’s own business?

More questionable still is the Auckland District Health Board’s proposal to refuse to hire smokers, an approach which is said to recognise the responsibility of doctors and nurses “to be positive role models in dealing with patients and the public”. Logically, that means obese people will also not be hired. Like smokers, they hardly fit the health and wellbeing ideal that the board seems to think its staff should embody.

All this posturing by pressured policymakers is largely a waste of time, effort and money. Their initiatives are likely to be no more successful than most of those tried over the past few years – the likes of education campaigns, smoke-free areas, subsidised quit programmes, graphic health warnings on cigarette packets and restrictions on the promotion of tobacco and, now, the display of tobacco products. All have had public support and have been accepted with resignation by smokers. But while the dangers of the practice have been rammed home time and again, a fifth of people still light up.

A wealth of research has shown that, in reality, the best way to reduce the number of smokers is by hiking the cost. Since the turn of the century, however, the tax on tobacco has been raised just twice, once in 2000 and again last year at the behest of Associate Health Minister Tariana Turia. Increased prices are a particular deterrent to youngsters.

New Zealand, however, has failed to acknowledge the effectiveness of this approach, and its excise and sales tax, as a percentage of the retail price of tobacco, is well below that of most comparable jurisdictions. Therein lies the answer for those who want to make the country smoke-free by 2025. Other solutions touted by anti-smoking groups smack of extreme and, ultimately, fruitless fiddling.

Cigarette Consumption Down in Turkey

Tuesday, July 19th, 2011

cheap winston cigarettes onlineAccording to figures by the TAPDK, the amount consumed in 2010 decreased to 93.5 billion Winston cigarettes and the figure was 107.5 billion in 2009.

Consumption of cigarettes decreased by 15 percent in 2010 compared to 2009 in Turkey. According to figures by the Tobacco and Alcohol Market Regulatory Authority (TAPDK), the amount consumed in 2010 decreased to 93.5 billion cigarettes and the figure was 107.5 billion in 2009.

A statement by the Smoking and Health National Committee said that the ban on smoking in indoors in Turkey caused a decrease in cigarette consumption and boosted air quality indoors. In the last five years, Turkish smokers consumed 524 billion cigarettes.

Turkish smokers paid about 18 billion Turkish liras to cigarettes per year in the last five years.

High Taxes Less Smokers in Canada

Monday, July 18th, 2011

discount prima lux  cigarettes onlineHigh taxes on tobacco products have reduced the number of Prima Lux cigarette smokers in Canada. According to a study by economists at the Concordia University in Montreal, between 1998 to 2008, for every 10 percent hike in cigarette tax, the number of Canadians who lit up went down by 2.3 percent.

However, one group appears to be least affected by higher taxes on cigarettes. These are people in the age group 25 to 44. According to Sunday Azagba, the author of the study, these middle-aged smokers are not responsive to tax increases on tobacco products.

The younger age group of 12 to 24 are more sensitive to price increases caused by tax hike on cigarettes because majority of them are dependent on their allowance to finance their habit. However, majority of the middle-aged group are employed and at the peak of their earning capacity.

The study also found that the propensity to smoke was higher among Canadians who had only high school education compared with those who have post-secondary education.

Tax increases on cigarettes caused a carton of cigarette to have a price tag of $33.35 in 2008 in Ontario from $12.65 in 1998. The amount factored out inflation based on constant 2000 dollars. The increase was lesser in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Newfoundland and Labrador, where cigarettes sold at an average of mid-$40 in 2008 from $30 in 1998 per carton.

Increased Support for Smoking Bans in Public Places

Monday, July 18th, 2011

beverly cigarettes onlineMore than half of Americans say they now support a ban on smoking Beverly cigarettes in public places despite the drastic drop in support for prohibition-like laws that would make smoking totally illegal in the United States.

A new Gallup poll issued on Friday shows that 59 percent of those asked support a ban on smoking in public places across the country. This is the first time since Gallup began asking the question about tobacco bans in 2001 that the polls showed such a significant change in support of the measure.

Since 2003, the percentage of Americans favoring smoking bans has grown by six to nine percentage points.

The proportion of smokers who feel unjustly discriminated against because of restrictions on smoking in public places is significantly higher today than six years ago, according to Gallup.

However, public-opinion analysts say support for the control of smoking through legal means goes only so far. Only two in ten support the idea of making all smoking illegal across the country.

“There is a difference between smoking bans in public places and outlawing smoking altogether because then you are telling people how to live,” said Martha Dent, a resident in Mobile, Ala.

“Smoking in public places affects other people but smoking in general is a right we have in a free country. Government should fit like a nice coat, not a straight jacket.”

Gallup found in 2009 that only 17 percent of Americans said smoking should be made “totally illegal” in this country.

Gallup has never found overwhelming support for a universal smoking ban “perhaps partly in recognition of the practical difficulties involved in enforcing such a wide-spread ban,” the report said.

The aim for such tobacco bans is to safeguard the health of the public from being exposed to secondary smoke inhalation by making sure that tobacco products are smoked only in areas designated for smoking.

The tide started to turn in 2006 across the country and in North Carolina on the issue of smoking regulations. The U.S. Surgeon General issued a report that year concluding “there is no risk-free level of exposure to secondhand smoke.”

A flurry of smoking regulations hit the country prohibiting tobacco use in state government buildings, state vehicles, schools, prisons, long-term care facilities, as well as the federal restrictions banning smoking on all airlines.

A number of states and local municipalities started adopting their own legislation by passing laws banning smoking from public places including public parks, beaches, restaurants, lodging establishments, and entertainment venues.

Privately owned businesses have jumped on the ban by prohibiting tobacco use in their facility.

Generally, if a smoker continues to smoke after being notified either orally or in writing to stop smoking by the person in charge of the facility, the smoker may be cited by a law enforcement official for the infraction.

The punishment for such an infraction can cost anywhere from $50 to $300, depending on the state or city.

“Local rules allow people to choose a town with rules that work for them,” said Edward L. Glaeser, an economist at Harvard University. “If parents want to bring up their children in a smoke-free environment, then it is a good thing that they can choose a town that bans smoking.”

However, Gallup’s recent findings follow a report on state tobacco control laws by the American Lung Association that show a dramatic drop in the number of states passing smoke free laws during the last three years.

“We hope this dramatic slowdown in the number of states going smoke free doesn’t continue,” said Thomas Carr, director of National Policy for the American Lung Association. “It is imperative that all states put in place comprehensive laws prohibiting smoking in public places and workplaces.”

Gallup’s recent poll also shows that cigarettes smokers are cutting down on the habit.

Research shows the number of smokers has dropped significantly over the years. About 30 percent of smokers say they smoke a pack or more each day. More than half smoked a pack or more a day as recently as 1997, according to Gallup.

The Surgeon General’s latest report on tobacco use, “How Tobacco Smoke Causes Disease: The Biology and Behavioral Basis for Smoking-Attributable Disease,” shows that there is no risk-free level of exposure to tobacco smoke.

The Surgeon General also said that the evidence that secondhand smoke is a serious health hazard is clear, convincing and overwhelming.

“Workers in all public places and workplaces need and deserve protection from it,” the report said.

It is interesting to note that studies show high cigarette taxes keep children from starting to smoke, motivate adults to stop, and reduce future tobacco-related health care costs.

Researchers found that due to budget constraints several states have drastically cut or completely eliminated funding for tobacco control programs designed to prevent kids from starting to smoke and help smokers quit, according to a report by the Tobacco Control Program.

This report revealed some interesting facts including a study that showed if all states met their recommended tobacco control funding level for five years, there would be about five million fewer smokers.

This would result in the prevention of hundreds of thousands of premature tobacco-related deaths.

Results for this Gallup poll were based on telephone interviews conducted July 7-10, 2011, with a random sample of 1,016 national adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia.

Fewer Films with Tobacco, Less Teen Smoking

Monday, July 18th, 2011

best bond cigarettes The number of US movies in which an actor lights up Bond cigarettes fell sharply between 2005 and 2010, and this could have contributed to the decline in smoking among US teens, a study released Thursday says.

A majority of movies — 55 percent — that scored huge box office success in the United States in 2010 had no scenes that included tobacco use, compared with a third of top-grossing films in 2005, the study released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says.

In the same six-year period, the number of what are called “tobacco incidents” in top-grossing movies fell by 56 percent — but still clocked in at nearly 2,000 scenes where an actor used tobacco either openly, on screen, or implicitly, off-screen, the study says.

“The percentages of 2010 top-grossing movies with no tobacco incidents were the highest observed in two decades,” the CDC says in the study published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

“The decreased presence of onscreen smoking might have contributed to the decline in cigarette use among middle school and high school students,” it says.

A study released last year by the CDC found that the percentage of middle school students in the United States who smoked cigarettes fell from 11 percent to five percent between 2000 and 2009 and those who “experimented” with cigarettes fell from nearly 30 percent to 15 percent.

Use of other tobacco products, such as cigars, pipes and chewing tobacco, was also down among middle schoolers, generally aged between 11 and 14.

Among high school students, smoking was down, too, although less sharply, the 2010 study showed. Seventeen percent of high school students smoked cigarettes in 2009 compared with 28 percent in 2000, while three in 10 high schoolers tried smoking two years ago, compared with nearly four in 10 in 2000.

An analysis of four studies linked 44 percent of teens who started smoking with seeing tobacco products being used in movies, the CDC says in the study released Thursday. Most people start to smoke or use smokeless tobacco products when they are teens, the CDC adds.

With studies pointing to a link between less smoking on the silver screen and fewer teens taking up smoking, the US Department of Health and Human Services has made reducing youth exposure to onscreen smoking part of its 2010 strategic plan to cut tobacco use.

Three of the six major US movie companies have policies to reduce tobacco use in their movies, and the number of tobacco incidents in their G and PG movies fell from an average of 23.1 incidents per movie in 2005 to a single incident per movie last year, the study says.

“Tobacco incidents” were 10 times more frequent in movies made by independent companies and the three major studios that do not have anti-tobacco policies.

The study did not indicate which movie studios have anti-tobacco policies and which do not. Earlier this year, Paramount Pictures came under fire from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) for its PG-rated animated feature “Rango,” which shows several characters using cigars and a cigarette.

“The hero, a chameleon, swallows a cigar and breathes fire in the face of a villain,” the AAP noted in March, shortly after the film was released.

“It is a mystery why Hollywood?s masters of storytelling and visual effects have not found a better way to depict their characters without the danger of influencing young people to light up.”

Tobacco Consumption in Rajasthan

Monday, July 18th, 2011

discount hilton cigarettesIn Rajasthan, tobacco chewing is on the rise. It has increased by 0.1% as compared to smoking. In the state, around 18.9% of the total population chews tobacco while 18.8% population smokes Hilton cigarettes. The figures were released by the World Health Organization last week.

Asthma and tobacco specialist Dr Virendra Singh said, “The number of people chewing tobacco is rising. Chewing tobacco is more dangerous than smoking as it increases chances of cancer. The risk is three times higher in chewing tobacco than smoking because in chewing tobacco essence and supari is mixed, which make it more risky.” The newly-released figures show that smoking among women in Rajasthan is also higher than the national average. In India, 2.9% of total women population smoke but the figure is much higher in Rajasthan. It is around 5.3%.

But the percentage of women chewing tobacco is much higher than smoking. Around 8.5% of women in the state chew tobacco which is much less than the national average. In India around 18.4% women chew tobacco, which is a national average. Besides, the number of people smoking in Rajasthan is higher than the national average percentage. In India, around 14% of people, including men and women smoke while in Rajasthan around 18.8% of people smoke daily.

The Gateway Cigarettes

Friday, July 15th, 2011

discount kiss cigarettes onlineAaron Candlers says he likes to smoke Kiss cigarettes when he is stressed. If the Atlanta construction worker has a tough day on the job, he lights up. If he has a beef with the family, Candlers is puffing away.

And if his late model Ford Explorer breaks down on the Atlanta freeway, as it did recently, Candlers will be headed to the corner store to re-up on the nicotine sticks.

“It just died on me,” Candler says between long drags off a cigarette. “So I was like real stressed and I think I smoked half a pack of cigarettes waiting on the tow truck.”

Like about 19 million other Americans, Candlers smokes menthol cigarettes – for now. The Food and Drug Administration is currently considering whether to ban menthol from cigarettes. Candlers, a stocky man with a beard and a wide smile, says that would be a bad decision.

“They gonna have a war on their hands,” Candlers says of the FDA. “I know a lot of folks that smoke menthols, and it would be wrong just to ban one type of cigarette.”

But the U.S. government has already banned other types of cigarettes. Flavored beedies, cloves, cigarettes with spices, peppermint and vanilla have all been banned in an effort to discourage teenagers from picking up the habit. Basically, anything that makes tobacco easier to taste or inhale has been targeted by the FDA and Congress.

The FDA’s Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee is recommending menthol be banned. The committee issued a report earlier this year finding that menthol cigarettes are overwhelmingly smoked by the poor, the young and African-Americans.